Top EV cities of the world
There is no doubt that competition for the electrification of transport has already begun. In 2018, the number of electric vehicles will reach 5 million, 63% more than the year before. Electric vehicles are emerging on the world stage. To date, all manufacturers are offering actual electric vehicles, hybrid vehicles, or plug-in hybrid vehicles on their price lists, and many cities have decided to ban internal combustion vehicles as they lead to air pollution. This will no doubt emerge as a strict plan to reduce emissions. But do you know which countries are on top of this energy revolution and which cities are most leading to set the global agenda?
Up to 45% of electric vehicles were visible on Chinese roads in 2018, a total of 2.3 million. In Europe, the electric vehicle fleet is 24%, and in the US is 22%. Globally, these are the three markets with the largest number of registered electric vehicles, not only for private transport but also for public transport.
The EV Market
According to a recent McKinsey study, the Electric Vehicle Index (Evi) led to a 65% increase in electric vehicle sales between 2017 and 2018. Sales in 2019 increased by 2.3 million units with an annual growth rate of 9%. Electric vehicle sales declined 25% in the first quarter of 2020. It may be due to slowing activities due to the pandemic. Overall, Europe is the fastest-growing country in terms of sales of electric vehicles.
Despite the decline in global sales, the global electric vehicle market grew 0.3% between 2018 and 2019, accounting for 2.5% of the total market share. With further growth in the first quarter of 2020, the current growth rate for the EV industry is 2.8%.
Top cities having a high number of Electric Vehicles
Not just cars, people are also switching to electricity for freight transportation from forklifts to large vehicles. There are more than 260 million electric bicycles in circulation. There are currently over 425,000 electric buses in operation worldwide, 421,000 of which are in China, with the country planning to add at least 200,000 more by 2025.
Even though the central government has abolished subsidies for the purchase of vehicles with an odometer reading of less than 200 km, China is still an important global market. Shenzhen is one of the major EV cities of China. According to recent estimates, about 16,000 EV buses are running on the road of Shenzhen. In addition, up to 12,000 taxis are powered by electricity. This city, along with Beijing and Qingdao, accounts for a quarter of China's all-electric vehicle sales.
Los Angeles, California
Los Angeles, one of the largest cities in the United States, tops this list. It was announced a few years ago that internal combustion engines would be extinct by 2035. In this regard, Los Angeles is doing commendable work in terms of city electrification. Today, there are nearly 100,000 electric vehicles in cities, the largest of these cars and SUVs. Hybrid vehicles powered by battery, 46,000, 36,000 plug-in modules, 2,000 hydrogen vehicles. California has the largest number of charging stations. There are 2,354 public charging stations in which 453 have free access. In the last year of 2019 alone, Los Angeles added 502 EV charging stations to the metropolitan area, with 259 charging stations installed in the past 90 days.
Over the years, the Norwegian capital has decided to put the most EV cars into circulation. Last summer, the number of cars registered was 50,000 more than the expected number of electric vehicles, which is no doubt exceeding this number. It ranks first in the world in terms of the number of electric vehicles per capita, along with Bergen. Norway has the highest proportion of electric vehicles in the world, with electric and hybrid vehicle sales accounting for half of the total sales in the Nordic country in March 2019.
Chile's capital is a city of electric buses. There are currently 411 electric buses in the city, the largest vehicle city outside of China. Santiago is currently bidding for a complete overhaul of its fleet, which includes more than 2,000 buses. According to the mandate, full electrification should be completed by 2035. With more than 6,700 buses in San Diego, 411 electric buses represent 6% of the total number of EVs running on the streets of Chile.
The government of Tokyo recently announced plans to speed up the installation of electric vehicle stations. This includes both the vehicle: with a full battery or plug-in hybrid vehicles. The plan, sponsored by the Tokyo Environmental Public Service Agency, aims to increase the share of electric vehicle sales by 50% by 2030. Around 250,000 electric or plug-in vehicles will be deployed across Japan which makes Tokyo hold this position in the top 5 EV cities of the world.
These are the top five countries that use electric vehicles.
What about the country of India?
If we talk about India, some states have implemented policies that promoted EV in the country. At the same time, these states and agencies are doing continuous work on specific policies to expand the electric vehicle ecosystem through various incentives, financial grants, and policies to promote electric vehicles.
Top EV states of India are-
- Uttar Pradesh
- Andhra Pradesh
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