Top 5 Global Automakers That Are Planning to Go Electric
Blocking the flow of non-electric cars is a more complex issue, as it will depend on the choices made by different countries, regions, and municipalities. Tesla's Americans were the first to believe in electric mobility, and their success has to some extent forced the hand of all other manufacturers. It's hard to say if Tesla's action was the spark that tipped the scales or if Musk and Co. were simply ahead of their time with far-sighted vision. What is certain is that American technology has proven, on paper and in the field, that it is the best today. Let's see what are the other top 5 Global Automakers future EV plans.
BMW has electricity in mind: by 2030, it aims to sell 50% fully electric models. The Mini (brand owned by BMW) will be fully electric at the start of the 2030s. We are therefore not talking about a fixed target but a generic period that could encompass the beginning of the 2030s. Rolls-Royce (brand owned by BMW) will also have a battery-powered version, but it is about the next decade and there are no announcements of a full conversion at this time.
Finally, the group announced its CO2 reduction targets at all levels: -80% in production, -40% in-car use, and -20% in the supply chain compared to 2019. The strategy for 2025 is also curious: in that year, the design of new vehicles will begin with the electric version and it is only later that the other variants (diesel, gasoline, plug-in, and mild hybrid) will be offered, unlike in the past. Sales targets are two sell 2 million electric vehicles by 2025, 10 million by 2030. Despite its presence with battery-powered cars, BMW recently said that betting everything on electricity is risky. There will be zero-emission zones, maybe even large metropolises, but the brand is present in 140 countries and wants to maintain the offer for markets that will be lagging.
Daimler, with its Mercedes-Benz and Smart brands, embarked on the transition by choosing a plan that is both innovative and conservative. The latest generation of internal combustion engines, especially Euro 6D diesel, is the result of huge investments to maintain performance and reduce emissions to zero.
This plan, called Mission EQ, plans to achieve emission neutrality at the production level as well, to modernize the charging infrastructure, to actively influence the entire supply chain (suppliers, to push them to be CO2 neutral), develop software, and create global battery production.
There are three platforms:
- Flexible platform: the EQA, EQB, and EQC models are now built on a platform that allows easy adaptation of production, switching from gasoline and diesel to electric batteries;
- EVA: this will be the platform for Mercedes EQS, EQE, and SUVs based on these models. It is a dedicated electrical platform;
- MMA stands for Mercedes Modular Architecture, which will be used for mid-range models and will be modular. It will be used for mid-range models and will be modular, designed for electricity but still able to accommodate conventional engines.
As the largest European automotive group, it was VAG that anticipated the announcement of July 14, 2021, declaring in June that it would not sell electric cars until 2035. It will not be a binary process that will see gasoline and diesel models disappear overnight: the strategy is to increase the number of battery cars in the lineup until fossil fuel cars are phased out. It should also be borne in mind that the transition to the electric car will be done at speeds: the first is that of Europe, where the years immediately preceding 2035 will see a range entirely powered by electrons. The second is that of other markets, the United States and China in particular, where the transition will be much slower and where the target is set at 2050.
By 2030, there will be an evolution of the platforms, to move to the single modular platform which will be the base shared by the whole group: from 85 to 850 kW of power and used by the brands Cupra, Seat, Skoda, Volkswagen, and Porsche, replacing the current MEB and PPE for example. And let's not forget Bentley, which will become a purely electric brand in 2030. Lamborghini, for its part, has already announced that its electrification process will begin in 2023, with the first electric model arriving in the second half of the decade.
Jaguar - Land Rover
JLR, the group that unites the Jaguar and Land Rover brands, has begun to lay the groundwork for farewell to traditional engines. Jaguar will only have electric cars from 2025, Land Rover will take longer. The Briton will therefore go two-speed, but the announcement is that by 2030 there will be an electric version for every model in the lineup, including Land Rover SUVs and off-roaders. The total reduction in emissions, both in production, operations, and supply, is planned for 2039. Two platforms are planned. The MLA ( Modular Longitudinal Architecture ) is the transition platform that will accommodate both batteries and conventional motors. EMA (Electric Modular Architecture) is still capable of accommodating fuel-powered engines, but it's designed from the start with batteries in mind.
Stellantis Group (FCA, PSA)
Stellantis is the group that brings together FCA and PSA and constitutes the other automotive pillar of Europe, especially after the acquisition. Compared to the Volkswagen group, the Italo-French must make more technological progress, especially in the fields of batteries, thermal management, electric motors, and software. It will also be interesting to see if Stellantis will be able to meet the 2026 target for solid-state batteries. The current autonomy does not represent the state of the art in terms of electric cars, but the projects presented during EV day 2021 are interesting and promising. There will be four platforms, batteries with a range of 500 to 800 km according to the WLTP standard, more efficient engines and components shared within the group.
In 2024, the first electric Alfa Romeo will debut and the “Alfa e-Romeo” logo has been unveiled. Fiat and Abarth will have an ambitious goal: four electric models by 2024 and the end of gasoline models between 2025 and 2030. The Fiat Centoventi is a special case: it could return to the race in the form of an electric Panda, representing the long-awaited “affordable electric city”.
Jeep will also have an electric version of each model in its range by 2025 (hybrids will remain); Peugeot will have the same objective. Dodge and Ram will offer a battery-powered model in 2024.
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